fitness for any purpose is made or implied. - Use this form or email to reach out to us: If youre one of the lucky owners who have to overhaul their engine without replacing the cylinder heads, a shop will only charge an average of $33,000 nearly half of what the factory charges. 1000 We are a collective group of airline instructors, and pilots dedicated to all things aviation. Description The RAM IV struggled in the flight levels, especially in the summer. (RVSM rules have generally limited 414s to 28,000 feet.) The more generic components such as filters, wheels, tires, and brakes are off the shelf and stocked by large aviation suppliers like Aircraft Spruce & Specialty or Wag Aero. David has licenses as an aircraft maintenance engineer in New Zealand and Australia. Combining spacious cabins and relatively small, efficient engines, the 414 series can carry lots of fuel or a small crowd with their belongings-but not both. These aircraft arent like the 172s. Maximum takeoff weight was 6350 pounds; max landing, 6200 pounds. There are only two fuel-288quantity indicators, both with three-position switches, to help the pilot keep track. Some potties have a flushing feature. It's tempting to decry the disappearance of the classic country airport. The 414 seats up to 6 passengers plus 1 pilot. The difference is that an -N engine uses 38 inches of manifold pressure, rather than 36 inches, and 2700 RPM to produce its rated 310 horsepower. . Rate of Climb: 1650 fpm; Climb Rate One Engine Inop: 315 fpm; Max Speed: 243 kts; Normal Cruise: 229 kts . Before doing so, however, the pilot has to ensure there are fewer than 20 gallons in each main (tip) tank. The aircraft is powered by two Continental TSIO-520-NB piston engines. Precise Flight and Spoilers, I. Ceiling 29,800. Aerodynamic mods include vortex generators to increase aileron and rudder control authority at low speeds. Like most all twin Cessnas, we give the 414 high marks for cockpit ergos, and the logical layout of systems and controls makes the flight deck a comfortable place to chew up the miles. 800 Quality initial and recurrent training is critical. Owners of 414As can opt for the series V conversion, which includes Continentals 350-HP liquid cooled Voyager engines, which have a TBO of 2000 hours. One of the most important came in 1973, when cabin length was increased 16 inches and a fifth side window was installed. Stall mph 79. On a standard day, when loaded to MTOW, it needs 4,000 ft (1,219 m) to hit Vr and then come to a complete stop. The pressurized 414 was developed to appeal to owners of unpressurized, twin-engined aircraft, and was based on the fuselage of the Cessna 421 and used the wing design of the Cessna 401. Cabin specifications: 0403 cabin high, 0407 cabin wide, and 1103 cabin long. We use cookies to help you get the best experience when using our website. Answer:The flaps extend to 45 degreesThe TSIO-520-NBs red-line is 2700 RPM. Fuel burn is the same, 34 GPH in cruise at all altitudes, with the RAM VII at 69 percent. The Achilles heel of the airplane for me has been the cabin heater. (See Crew-6 Launch Scrubbed For Ground Systems Issue, The Drip, Drip Of Bad Publicity About 100LL. Checking the Cessna 152 POH it says to increase takeoff distance by 15% of ground roll (makes sense due to increased friction). STANDARD DATA: ( 411) Seats 6-8. Flight planning or any other aircraft operations should only be done using official technical information provided Come join us! It is powered by two wing-mounted 310hp (231kW) Continental TSIO-520-J horizontally opposed, six-cylinder engines. Pay attention to the fuel system in tip-tanked 414s. The 414A can be upgraded with the usual performance boosters such as vortex generators, which are highly recommended. There was a time in aviation history when aircraft manufacturers were falling over themselves to serve a seemingly insatiable demand for executive-level light twin-engined aircraft. Power. The 414 does have AD97-26-16 requiring consideration, and those aircraft requiring regular x-ray and ultimate installation of the service kit will necessarily command a lower price. FL The 411A, produced from 1967-68, featured a redesigned nose and more baggage space. The 375-HP 421Cs single engine ceiling is 14,900 feet. Ive previously owned and flown a Seneca and a Mooney, both of which were equipped with weather radar, full deice and Stormscope. The Twin Cessna Flyer ( is headed by Larry A. Initial climb rate 1,900. The RAM VII changed all that. However, it takes a longer distance high wing loading aircraft to takeoff and land. Electronic prop synchrophasers became standard equipment in 1976, when two versions of the airplane were put on the market: a bare-bones 414 and a 414II, which came with an assortment of ARC 400-series avionics equipment. When we look at the power loading of the aircraft, the why becomes obvious: weight. It had basically the same tail and wide-oval fuselage as the 421B, and the 401s wing. For a private pilot with 1,500 hours total time, an IFR/MEL rating, 500 hours on multi-engined aircraft, and 25 hours on type, the 2021 cost per year for US$1,000,000 liability coverage is in the range of US$850 to US$1,400 per year. Cruise mph 277. Soaring Good Looks. Loading must be watched carefully to avoid going out of the rear CG limit. Thielert claims increased power and improved fuel economy over other available conventional piston engines. The deice light on the panel illuminates only very briefly when the pneumatic deicing system is activated and only indicates that theres pressure to the tail boots. The aircraft has a remarkably high service ceiling of 30,800 ft (9387 m), but the normal operating range of a 414A is between 15,000 ft (4572 m) and FL250 (7,620 m). 2023 document.getElementById( "ak_js_1" ).setAttribute( "value", ( new Date() ).getTime() ); Your email address will not be published. The package that gives the 414A the most significant boost in performance is the series V upgrade. If Cessna Kit SK414-19-1 is incorporated, the inspection is due every 9,600 hours. Fuel capacity 213-270. Already a member? Distances Balanced Field Length: 2595 ft Landing Distance: 4000 ft Performance Rate of Climb: 1520 fpm Climb Rate One Engine Inop: 290 fpm Max Speed: 235 kts Normal Cruise: 203 kts Power Plant Engines: 2 Engine Mfg: Continental Engine Model: TSIO-520-NB Marketplace Information Interested in buying this aircraft click here! The fuel system composed of a pair of main tanks and fuel selectors, emergency cross-feed shutoff valves, and other crucial parts to complete the system. There were significant changes made to the body of Chancellor 414A as well. With bigger turbochargers and intercoolers, much larger cowl flaps, new intake air scoops, and Scimitar props, the airplane becomes an entirely new animal within seconds of leaving the runway. There are several good training programs available to help keep 414 pilots in top form, something we feel to be quite important as, while the accident rate is low, the accidents seem primarily to occur on amateur flown airplanes and involve judgment errors on the part of the pilot rather than anything wrong with the airplane.HISTORYCessna borrowed components from existing 400-series airplanes to come out in 1970 with a model to bridge the price gap between unpressurized and pressurized twins. The owners of Cessna 414As have mixed reviews. Oh, and the aft toilet. Limiting speed for the extension of 15 degrees of flap was raised from 164 to 177 knots; Vlo and Vle were increased to an impressive 177 knots, from 143 knots.Beginning in 1978, Cessna offered three basic equipment packages. If followed carefully, a mechanic wont miss anything. So, if its just pressurization youre looking for and youre going to be flying with only another person or two aboard, you might want to look at the 340 for a personal hot rod. Power was supplied by two horizontally opposed, six-cylinder, direct-drive, turbocharged, air-cooled, fuel-injected Continental TSIO-520-Js which produced 310 hp (228 kW). Answer: Gross Weight is the total aircraft weight, including pilots, passengers, fuel, oil, and cargo. An AD issued in 1986 requires cylinders to be pressure-checked for leaks every 50 hours until the engine has amassed 500 hours. Gross wt. All aircraft, engines, and components have type certificates that approve their use. The top of the line for the 414 is the series VI. I use SimCom. This is when Cessna decided to take advantage of Continental Motor's then-new, 225-horsepower O-470-A engine and develop the robust Cessna 180, which first flew in May 1952. Home > Aircraft Specs > Manufacturers > Cessna Aircraft > 414 pressurized-turbocharged Performance Information. The twin turbocharged 310-hp engines provide sea level power to 20,000 feet, while the twin-engine rate of climb is 1,580 fpm, and the single-engine rate is 290 fpm. Best Cruise: 229 KIAS It is our mission to be the go to leaders in the aviation industry. One of the most important was the switch in 1979 to TSIO-520-NB engines, which have improved crankshafts. When it comes time to overhaul the engine, the cylinders might have to be replaced, and a new set of Continental brand cylinders cost roughly $5,000 depending on the supplier, whereas an off-brand set costs around $2,000. Tip, aux and locker tanks were obviated by a 4.5-foot longer, bonded wing holding 206 gallons of usable fuel in internal bays. Introduced in 1978, the Cessna 414A or more commonly known as the Cessna Chancellor III, is a pressurized, twin-engined aircraft, with retractable landing gear. The 1973 to 1977s are the long bodies. Mandatory power reductions during the climb above FL220 meant long climb times and getting above FL250 seemed to take forever at the 200 FPM climb rate that could be achieved up there. The 414 was built using parts from other 400-series aircraft. Retrieved October 7, 2021, from, Cox, B. Of course, any airplanes safety depends a great deal on the proficiency of its pilots. is your partner in connecting you with relevant information and resources. For the 414, the engines chosen were the 310hp TSIO-520-Js, with intercoolers and takeoffs for cabin bleed air pressurization. Cessna 195 Guide and Specs : All About The 195 Businessliner, Bombardier Challenger 300 Guide and Specs, Installed equipment, specially avionic fit-out. The switch for that light is on the underside of a Tee fitting in the pressure line to the tail and thus fills with water, rust and crud and should be pulled and cleaned periodically, or it will fail. m. All data presented is only indicative and should not be used operationally. Plane and Pilot builds on more than 50 years of serving pilots and owners of aircraft with the goal of empowering our readers to improve their knowledge and enthusiasm for aviation. Initial climb rate 1,900. Once in service the airplanes became popular as workhorses for small charter and corporate flight departments, as well as comfortable transports for private owners. An engine rail replacement can cost an eye-watering $14,000. Empty wt. Average price for used aircraft CESSNA 414A is $344,804.81., estaff. The name Chancellor was used for models marketed from 1976. A simpler fuel system was among a host of improvements unveiled in 1978 with introduction of the Model 414A Chancellor. As far as handling goes, owners have reported that it is a stable aircraft that behaves in a very neutral manner and reacts to control inputs predictably. The change allowed the engine to produce 310 hp (228 kW) at 2700 RPM from sea level to 20,000 ft (6,096 m). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Cessna 414 Stock Airplane vs. RAM Series IV; Primary Specifications Cessna 414 RAM 325 hp Series IV; Engine Model: Continental - TSIO-520-J-NB: Horsepower: 310: 325: . Insurance costs have equaled $7000 per year for the last couple of years for $1 million smooth with a hull value of $350,000. It has an exterior length of 11.1 meters, a height of 3.5 meters, and a fuselage diameter of 1.5 meters. In service since 1969. By continuing to use this website, you are agreeing to our Cookie Policy. (See The landing gear track was also increased by 4 feet (1.2 m). For example, the 414 may be powered by a standard 310-HP engine, a 325-HP RAM Series IV or a 335-HP RAM VI or VII. The gear system of the 414A is easy to maintain, with one spot to watch: When assembling the center bolt on the main landing gear scissors, the correct washers must be installed in the correct sequence or the bolt can pull out, allowing the main gear wheel to turn sideways.Boost pumps seem to be a weak point, requiring what seems to be frequent replacement. It did away with the extremely complicated and troublesome fuel system of the previous generations and replaced it with wet-wing fuel tanks that were 4.50 ft (1.37 m) longer and held 213 gal (968 l) total. A pilot in a hurry will see 205 knots on 38 GPH at 75 percent power rich of peak, although few operate that way anymore. The engines were adapted from those used on the 401 and 402 models-the differences were intercoolers and provisions for bleed-air cabin pressurization. Mike Buschs Savvy Owners seminar is valuable. Mysteries Of Flight: The Curious Case Of Pan Am Flight 914, Fond Farewell to a Titan: The Antonov An-225. The Chancellor utilizes the hydraulic components of the Golden Eagle gear and features a five-second retraction time. They offer technical help and forums for members to discuss everything and anything about their aircraft. 3,865. One former owner even stated that anyone who says the aircraft is reliable is delusional. Owner-pilots give high marks to cockpit room and layout of systems controls and enthuse about handling characteristics. The Cessna 411, first delivered in 1965, was one of Wichitas first ventures into the airliner market. The 421B tiptank twin Cessna has fuel carried in the mains (tips), auxiliary fuel cells in the wings and optional nacelle tanks. Americas owner-flown aircraft enthusiasts and active-pilot resource, delivered to your inbox! How much does it cost to fly: $683.19 per hour. There are only two fuel-. The nose baggage compartment of the 414A made CG juggling easier.With full tanks-enough fuel for nearly 4.5 hours with IFR reserves-a well-equipped Chancellor will have room left in its weight-and-balance envelope to accommodate six FAA-standard people with their toothbrushes. General characteristics Crew: one or two Capacity: four to six Length: 36 ft 4 12 in (11.09 m) Wingspan: 44 ft 1 12 in (13.45 m) Height: 11 ft 5 12 in (3.49 m) Wing area: 225.8 sq ft (20.98 m 2) Empty weight: 4,368 lb (1,981 kg) Max takeoff weight: 6,750 lb (3,062 kg) Fuel capacity: 213 US gal (177 imp gal; 810 L) usable Cessna Country: United States Manufactured: 1972 to: 1984 ICAO: C340 Price: US$.36 million (1982) Performance Weights Dimensions Avionics: Garmin G500 PFD Engine: 2x Continental TSIO-520-NB Piston Power: 310 horsepower Max Cruise Speed: 244 knots 452 Km/h Approach Speed (Vref): 71 knots Travel range: 1,406 Nautical Miles 2,604 Kilometers Cited as an excellent IFR platform, youll guess the control forces on the 414 are heavy and stable, yet a great design means only minor trim changes are needed when extending landing gear or flaps. Common are engine and aerodynamic modifications, including winglets. The current concern is with wing spar cracking in high-time airplanes; with a series of ADs calling for inspections and modifications to the spar-compliance is expensive. For the same liability coverage amount, pilots who dont meet the above criteria can expect to pay $1,100-$1,600 per year, and the cost increases to $5,700-$12,000 when hull coverage is brought in. Eight aircraft factors influence 414 resale plus many other economic factors. Four years later, Continental incorporated some changes to the -NBs cylinders, valve lifters and piston pins, and increased the engines recommended TBO from 1400 to 1600 hours. Ceiling: 30,800 FT Ceiling (1 engine out): 19,850 FT Takeoff distance: 2,185 FT Landing distance: 1,013 FT Takeoff distance over 50ft obstacle: 2,595 FT Landing distance over 50ft obstacle: 2,393 FT Weights Gross Weight: 6,750 LBS Empty Weight: 4,543 LBS Maximum Payload: 1,769 LBS Fuel capacity: 213 GAL Ownership Costs 1978 Total Cost of Ownership: }googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display('inline'); });288All told, Cessna built nearly 1000 of the airplanes-roughly a 50/50 split between early tip-tanked 414s and wet-wing 414A Chancellors-during 16 years of production. With the first flight in 1968 and production in 1970, Cessna manufactured the 414 for 17 years, with almost 1100 shipped. Maximum takeoff weight was 6350 pounds; max landing, 6200 pounds.In the years following its introduction, the airplane saw few major changes. 2023 Compared to its biggest competitors-the 421 and Duke-a 414 provides a more room than the Duke, as much as the 421, travels a little slower, but does so more economically.MAINTENANCEEnsuring that all ADs have been complied with before buying a 414 will take work, because there have been several dozen of them (not counting a flurry of service bulletins), although the rate of issuance slowed down dramatically in the last 10 years.The current concern is with wing spar cracking in high-time airplanes; with a series of ADs calling for inspections and modifications to the spar-compliance is expensive. Ceiling 26,000. Range 1,284. Coupled with smaller engines than the 421, you had an economical transport that could carry a couple of passengers and baggage over 1000 miles or six executives to a day meeting two hours away. RAM also makes winglets and vortex generators. Controls consisted of on/off/crossfeed valves and a fuel flow computer/indicator was added. What a difference! Although the 414s have a huge cabin-class interior, the stock airplane has never been a tremendous load hauler. For 1976 the airplane was equipped with a propeller synchrophaser to control propeller RPM and phase relationship of the blades, engine-to-engine. Of note is AD97-26-16 requiring an X-ray inspection of the engine mount beams for fatigue cracking. PERFORMANCE: Top mph 273. I have owned and flown a 1979 Cessna 414A for 14 months, accumulating 235 hours in all sorts of conditions. The 414A has an excellent safety record for good reason. One owner reported discovering mis-drilled holes in the spar of his airplane when it was opened up to install the spar strap: ADs 2005-05-52 and 2005-12-13 are current.
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